Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) - Standard Eye Examination

Eye Tests: Your Questions Answered

Note: This webpage is intended for IGARD in Singapore only.

Why do I need an eye test?

Getting your regular eye test is important - not just about getting spectacles or contact lenses, but it involves a thorough assessment of your eyesight in relation to your visual needs. It looks out for potential visual health problems (and eye diseases) that you may have BEFORE you even notice an effect on your eyesight when it gets worse. 

This includes an examination of visual defects such as myopia (shortsightedness), astigmatism, hyperopia (farsighedness), strabismus (squints), amblyopia (lazy eyes), asthenopia (eyestrain) and presbyopia (old sight), and screening for common eye problems such as glaucoma, cataract, macular degeneration and retinal health. If your eyes are at risk, our primary eye-care and vision specialists will either monitor your condition or refer you to a specialist eye surgeon for treatment/surgery.

If you wear contact lenses, you will need another test on a regular basis -- a contact lens assessment and a cornea health assessment. This is necessary for all current and prospective contact lens wearers.

Find out more about our routine Standard Eye Examination. (Recommended Yearly)



How often should I get my eyes tested?

Regular eye tests can be scheduled as follow:

  • Yearly for adults (including senior citizens)
  • 6-monthly for children (or 3-monthly for children wearing spectacles), and
  • Whenever you need to get new spectacles or contact lenses.
  • Every 6 months for contact lens wearers.
  • As instructed by your healthcare practitioner or doctor
  • When you have a problem with your eyes or vision

Further assessments &/or follow-up reviews may be required for a small minority of our patients within a shorter time frame.  



Who is testing my eyes?

Primary eye-care and vision specialists (Not the same as eye surgeons in hospitals). IGARD Group in Singapore is managed by Senior Consultant Optometrist Yap Tiong Peng. Optometrists and opticians works for the community and primary-care level in the eye-care industry in Singapore and IGARD group is consistently working with like-minded professionals in medical and surgical-care to uphold the highest standard clinical practices in the industry.  



Is the eye test at IGARD the same as an eye test in a hospital?

An eye test at IGARD is not the same as an eye test in a hospital. Eye surgeons in hospitals diagnose and treat eye diseases (that can lead to blindness), whilst IGARD specialises in managing visual defects and anomalies that may (or may not) be a consequence of an eye disease.

Patients seen at IGARD may be:

  • asymptomatic (i.e. no complaints and just need new spectacles or contacts),
  • symptomatic (i.e. have complaints about their vision or eyes) or
  • could have already been discharged from the hospital (e.g. after a cataract surgery).

Visual defects can occur during the developmental phases of life (i.e. children). It can also be a result of an eye injuries or due to poor general health (such as diabetes). Some common issues seen by IGARD are myopia (shortsightedness), astigmatism, hyperopia (farsightedness), amblyopia (lazy eyes), strabismus (squints), asthenopia (eyestrain) and presbyopia (oldsight). 

These visual conditions are examined by IGARD in relation to the health status of the eye, and often spectacles, contact lenses or other optical aids will be prescribed.

More information, please contact Senior Consultant Optometrist Yap Tiong Peng (Link)


What should I take to the test?

When you go for your eye test you should take with you the spectacles you currently use, the names of any tablets or medicine you are taking and the name of your doctor (i.e. GP, specialist, etc).

Bring your old prescription with you (if you still have it). 



How long will an eye test take?

Standard Eye Examination at IGARD should take about 20 - 30 minutes. Some standard routine tests will be conducted, but the exact tests will vary from individual-to-individual as everyone can have very different problems, needs and requirements that needs to be addressed. It should typically include a short consultation, Occupational Vision Assessment, Glaucoma Screening, Cataract Screening, Retinal Health Screening and an evaluation of your eyesight.

Ocular Refraction will be necessary thereafter if you are getting new spectacles and if you require contact lenses, you will also need to undergo a Cornea Health Assessment. Children will automatically be given a Paediatric Eye Test and Senior Citizens will be given a Geriatric Eye Test.



What happens during an eye test?

It may be a regular eye test for you, or you may have specific problems with your eyes and vision. Or you may have been sent by your doctor.

Every eye test at IGARD will include a discussion to establish your specific needs and visual requirements, so that the eye test you receive will be catered to your specific requirement. For example, additional tests will be done if you are considered "at risk" or if you have diabetes.

Your eyesight is normally checked by asking you to read letters on a chart. For those who are not able to read, there are other tests available. Ocular Refraction is necessary if you need new spectacles (and if so what degree you need), and it also includes an assessment of your binocular vision (that allows two eyes to work together) and your eye muscles (that controls their movement).

Visual health involves an assessment of 2 main parts: the outer eye and the inner eye. The outer eye health is checked by shining a light on the front of your eyes and to see how well they react to light. If you have a red eye or if you wear contact lenses, cornea health assessment will be provided. The inner eye health is checked thoroughly from through the media to the back of the eye (the retina). Retinal Health Screening is a standard test provided routinely for everyone.

In addition, Glaucoma Screening is provided routinely for everyone, especially for adults above 40 years old, to keep your eye pressures and optic nerve health in check.

Along the way of each test, our primary eye-care and vision specialists will keep you informed about your results, and you will also be offered to ask questions.



What if my spectacles or contact lens prescription hasn't changed?

You are recommended to have a Standard Eye Examination on a yearly basis. However, if your prescription is still valid, you will be allowed to get your spectacles and contact lenses dispensed without a Standard Eye Examination at IGARD. Please bring along a valid prescription (from an optometrist/ophthalmologist), referral letter (if you have one) or your NHS HC1 form (if you are from the UK).

It is possible for you to pre-order your contact lenses if your prescription hasn't changed. This will help save you time and effort should your contact lenses be unavailable at the point of order. Phone 67323233 / 67332123 or email to pre-order and to book an appointment for collecting the contact lenses. There are no additional charges (except for your contact lenses) unless if you decide to attend a Standard Eye Examination.  



Can I just buy spectacles or contact lenses without checking my eyes?

Yes if your prescription is still valid. For spectacles, please bring along your prescription (from a registered optometrist/ophthalmologist/doctor in Singapore or overseas), referral letter (if you have one) or your NHS HC1 form (from your optometrist/optician if you are from the UK). 

For contact lenses, you may pre-order using your current prescription as this will help save you time and effort should your contact lenses be unavailable at the point of order. Phone 67323233 / 67332123 or email to pre-order and to book an appointment for collecting the contact lenses. Note that it is compulsory for you to see our optometrist before you can collect your contact lenses. There is no additional fee for this short consultation but appointment will be necessary.

If you are unsure, please book an appointment for your yearly Standard Eye Examination.

Book an Eye Test (Standard Eye Examination)  pricelist.



How much does an eye test cost?

Please refer to our pricelist.

Corporate Patients - please enquire from your Company HR or email

University Students - please enquire either at your university or email

IGARD services are available at Orchard (Main Centre at International Building), Choa Chu Kang (ValueHealth Family Clinic), Kent Ridge (National University of Singapore) and Jurong West (Nanyang Technological University) by appointment only.



Book an Eye Test (Standard Eye Examination)





I am on a low income. Do I still have to pay?

Yes. However, you may like to visit IGARD during one of our community vision screenings instead. 

Contact us or your local community centre to enquire about an IGARD community eye screening services.

More information: Caring for the Community 




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